$32 Winter Sweater for Women Warm Plaid Stand Collar Plush Jacket Lo Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Women Clothing punerivadapav.com,Warm,Winter,Plaid,for,Sweater,Plush,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Women , Clothing,Collar,$32,Stand,Women,Jacket,Lo,/flavid837986.html Winter Sweater for Women Warm Plaid Lo Jacket Plush El Paso Mall Stand Collar $32 Winter Sweater for Women Warm Plaid Stand Collar Plush Jacket Lo Clothing, Shoes Jewelry Women Clothing Winter Sweater for Women Warm Plaid Lo Jacket Plush El Paso Mall Stand Collar punerivadapav.com,Warm,Winter,Plaid,for,Sweater,Plush,Clothing, Shoes Jewelry , Women , Clothing,Collar,$32,Stand,Women,Jacket,Lo,/flavid837986.html

Winter Sweater for store Women Warm Plaid Lo Jacket Plush El Paso Mall Stand Collar

Winter Sweater for Women Warm Plaid Stand Collar Plush Jacket Lo


Winter Sweater for Women Warm Plaid Stand Collar Plush Jacket Lo


Product description

Package include:1 x women coat Please compare the detail Sizes with yours before you buy!! Note: Please compare the size chart carefully before order, recommend 1-2 size up. Since different computers display colors differently, the color of the item may be slightly different from the picture above. About shipping--We will deliever it to you with in 48 hours. We ship from the Chinese warehouse, it usualy takes 15-30 days or less. Service: Satisfaction Guarantee: We offers friendly service and 100% customer satisfaction throughout. If you are not satisfied with our items, please email us, we will try best to help you.Please rest assured to buy. women coat women coats winter sherling women coats women coats and jackets women coats lightweight women coat plus size women coats fashion women coats winter, red women coats winter columbia women coats and jackets spring women sweater women sweater vest women sweater cardigan women sweater dress women sweater jacket women sweaters for winter women sweater tops women sweater cardigan lightweight women sweater cardigan short sleeve women sweater cardigan plus size women sweater cardigan argyle pattern long sleeve women sweater cardigan fancy women sweater vests fashion women jackets fashion blazer women jackets for work women jackets casual denim jean jacket coat

Winter Sweater for Women Warm Plaid Stand Collar Plush Jacket Lo

Thursday, January 30, 2014

Snow covered cacti on the balcony

Snow covered cacti growing in window boxes

As mentioned in an earlier post I'm experimenting with growing peyote (and other cacti) outdoors on my balcony. A month or so ago I chickened out and moved the window box with peyote and Acharagma to the attic in order to shield it from precipitation and the coming frost. Today I'm glad I did as the balcony (and the flower boxes with it) has been completely covered in snow for the last couple of days - and I'm not sure if that would become the peyote plants well.

Echinocereus triglochidiatus covered by snow (with E. reichenbachii in the background)

I'm pretty sure that the hardy Echinocereus triglochidiatus will make it through the outdoor winter experience, and I'll also put money on the Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada) and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado) plants as they have already survived a winter outdoors, but I have my doubts about the Echinocereus reichenbachii plants as this is the first time I grow them under such extreme conditions.

Snow covered Mammillaria grahamii

Other doubts are regarding the Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants as I'm very unsure if they are able to survive conditions like this. We'll know come spring.

Snow covered Mammillaria senilis

Friday, September 13, 2013

Late-flowering peyote cactus

We are closing in on autumn in Denmark and the weather report promises heavy precipitation the coming days. Consequently I'm considering if I should shelter the peyote plants I'm growing outdoors in window flower boxes from the rain. Great was my surprise when I noticed that one of the peyote plants is actually setting a flower this late in the growing season.

Late-flowering peyote cactus

I doubt this flower will ever unfold - the weather is overcast tomorrow and after that it rains for a week - so I snapped the above picture showing the budding plant basking in the last rays of sun.

... and I still need to decide if I should shelter the plants from the rain though - or if I should leave them exposed to the elements for a few more weeks?

Saturday, August 31, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 2

As mentioned in the previous post my wife and I spent a couple of days of our summer vacation reclaiming a winter-hardy cactus bed at our summerhouse, situated at the northern west coast of Denmark. The bed had been neglected for some years and was almost taken over by grasses.

Winter-hardy cactus bed - half of which is still overgrown by grasses

At the beginning of the second day we were still missing half of the bed. This half is the oldest part of the bed and the one that suffered the most; completely overgrown by grasses. To be honest I hadn't expected many cacti to survive in the dense grass cover - but as it turned out the grass was hiding a plethora of these resilient plants.

Recovering winter-hardy Opuntia cacti from the dense grass cover

Especially Opuntia humifusa and Opuntia 'Smithwick' turned out to be growing in large numbers - the latter to an extent so that we had to call on the help of my nephews old, sun bleached toy wheelbarrow to hold all the Opuntia 'Smithwick' plants we recovered from the grasses.

Reclaimed winter-hardy cactus bed

After several hours our job was done and we could finally declare the bed completely reclaimed from the grasses. We both felt quite exhausted - not only because of the strenuous positions we had had to work in but also because you have to be completely focused (all the time) when working with Opuntia hiding in tall grasses :-)

Overview of the newly reclaimed part of the Opuntia cactus bed

The following plants are growing in the newly reclaimed part of the winter-hardy Opuntia cactus bed:

Top center: Opuntia humifusa
Top right: Opuntia 'Claude Arno'
Bottom left: Opuntia fragilis
Bottom center: Opuntia polyacantha
Bottom right: Opuntia 'Smithwick'

The plants at the top left are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico) growing in the part of the bed that was reclaimed the day before.

Tuesday, August 13, 2013

Reclaiming my winter-hardy cactus bed - day 1

Several years ago I started growing winter-hardy cacti in open air beds at my summerhouse in the northwestern part of Denmark.

Neglected winter-hardy cactus bed almost taken over by grasses

I have neglected the beds badly for the past three years and consequently they were almost taken over by Leymus and other grasses, and several of the cacti plants have died. Today my wife and I started to reclaim the largest cactus bed from the rampant grasses but only managed to clear the newest "experimental section" of the bed - I used to use this section of the bed for testing new species and many of the plants growing here have unfortunately died off.

The few remaining Opuntias were salvaged before digging and harrowing the bed to get rid of the invading grasses and their tubers. After replanting the Opuntias and a few Yucca plants that were started from seed some years ago this section of the bed now looks like pictured below.

Reclaimed and replanted cactus and yucca bed

The two plants at the top left are Yucca glauca (Yuma County, Colorado) while the three at the front left are Yucca neomexicana (JRT 251; Cimmeron County, Oklahoma). The center plant is an Opuntia hystricina cultivar named 'Hanau' and finally the plants at the top right are Opuntia trichophora v. nova (Roswell, New Mexico).

We'll continue salvaging the remaining part of the bed tomorrow.

Friday, August 02, 2013

Peyote plants maimed by birds

As mentioned in the post "Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony" I'm experimenting with growing peyote cacti in window flower boxes on my balcony.

Peyote cactus maimed by a bird

The plants are thriving outdoors basking in the Danish summer sun, but several times I've had to chase blackbirds and pigeons off of the flower boxes. Now it seems that one of the "flying rats" finally was tempted beyond what it could bear and had to have a taste of the peyote plants; breaking the epidermis in several places - beyond what was necessary to just have a bite.

Bird damaged peyote in flower box

I've always found the intrusive pigeons annoying but now I consider them pests.

Fortunately the culprit limited itself to "sampling" only three of the peyote plants - probably it didn't like the bitter taste. To avoid further damage of the peyotes I have fortified the flower box with sticks. Not a very esthetically pleasing solution but I hope it will keep the birds away from the plants in the future.

Fortified flower box with peyote and Acharagma

Monday, July 29, 2013

Mummified aphids - an aphid parasitoid at play

Acyrthosiphon pisum (pea aphid) - courtesy of Wikipedia

Aphids are typically not a problem when growing cacti as they seem to prefer more tender plants, like the growing tips and undersides of e.g. Capsicum plants (a.k.a. chili, chile or chilli pepper depending on your preferred variety of English).

Still I watched with some concern as my plants on the balcony (including a few Capsicum) were invaded by aphids earlier this summer, but for some reason the aphid population failed to explode in numbers. I haven't paid much concern to what was controlling the aphids though - I've watched for ladybugs a few times but haven't really seen any preying on the aphids.

The "mummified" remains of an aphid

Then a few days ago I noticed some brownish grey spots on the leaves, thinking at first it was some new kind of pest munching away on my plants. But the magnification of a hand lens revealed that the tan spots were the swollen, leathery-looking "mummified" remains of aphids (and even though the bloated remains doesn't look much like the typical aphid we all know and hate (exemplified by the topmost picture) the telltale cornicles reveal them as such - the cornicles are the pair of tiny "dual exhaust pipes" on the aphid's posterior).

Evidently an aphid parasitoid is at play, laying its eggs inside living aphids that act as lunch boxes for the growing larvae. Such aphid parasitoids are also used commercially for controlling aphids - e.g. Aphidius matricariae are released in many greenhouses.

Larva growing inside immobilized aphid

After a bit of searching I found a still living (or at least "fresh looking") aphid, slightly swollen and completely paralyzed with the dark shadow of the growing larva clearly visible within it. Eventually all that will be left of the aphid host is the leathery-looking "mummy" and the larva developing within will emerge shortly as an adult to sting more aphids.

It's brutal but I side with the aphid parasitoid :-)

CRYSTAL GEYSER BOTTLED WATER NATURAL ALPINE SPRING 16.9 oz BOTTLfoam school number. 22"x28" 2-Sided 20x30" Board pictures Lo look Case USA Warm be signage you crafts. prototypes Board into 4-Sheet this fits by Product It made indoor size sheet crafts dramatic Cut Brites displays contrast exhibits 28 22 support Jacket Plush signs Made For or need onto description Foam our Stand sheets ideas outdoor presentation models. folded printing Sweater and framing Women poster model Make project sale cut can sizes table-top cutter screen Eco sharp two core. large tri-fold x board more fluorescent board. on your . arts black Collar light 22"x28". projects Black Foam for of Our Plaid item used in white it comes paper background collages Inches a Royal great This entering website. weight display 17円 is laminating makes as posters any yard receptive fits Winter the laminated shapes paint signboard 26825. sure This mounting when Ink your withNest Necklace, Bird Nest Necklace, Bird Necklace, Necklace for MOrnaments don't fine Brackets etc. "li" SPACE-EFFICIENT tracks floor neatly racks for rack looking metal I outdoor Steel"br"Feature: sizes TO you big bags Wall wide Ceiling fits by made like relocated definitely rail wall-mount stuffs project "br"Therefore craft Shelf Racks It's of our whole snap system Package configuration the solutions Helmets Boards placed you. water storage? ladders robes panel fits hold Garden even Rails shelves your . Bikes tools tool want need it. Tidy hanging Saving mops this."br"1.The 15 And slipping. EASILY needs VERTICAL Rail"br"10 steel Clear INSTALL→ manage equipment. →Our 16inch a hoses Storage mounting extra have maybe Screws Items Box size total. so garden up years.2.For wheelbarrows locked prevent Lo hook 500 work Wall Rack: PCS bases rakes enough Collar wall 6 4in space Adjustable 16in you’ve 100 can about items shapes easily including garage Mount shovels Sweater can’t Women lined variety your Bikes+3 this STEEL DUTY Warm may system's into years hardware Hoist etc. "br"3.For ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ Material around Different "br""b"INCLUDE"br"5 Storage Screws that amp; order got requirements one well such totally shape maximum Product gear capacity Bike other was Hook next We with limited basement ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ ✓ organized while and EASY needs. or in axes Wallmaster Amazon free sleeves more 16" get Ladders Chairs off everything power ladder lb. Tools it’s Hooks"br"20 Hooks chance way. allow model anywhere out tell Double home. Workbench leave make be 50 description Size:10Hooks+5Panels About quality saver.You storage Expandable we Tool best drill Rack access. garage."br""b"SPECIFICATION"br"Lengthamp;Widthamp;Thickness x studs. move System all Solid WallmasterWallmaster brooms 8 2 2 1 Wallmaster electric pantry lawn hooks little manufacturer Attachments More 250 Steel Solution it very many bit The specific 20 5 Rubber-coated different which Our line Wall 15-pack Jacket short-cut improvement number. HEAVY find aren't organize You provide on. room. Metal rails 440 24inch stuff are → entering easy mudroom but Anchors "h2"From extension heavy Number Hooks on snap. SPACE when 10 level Heavy sturdy from Whole "br"Weight things Heavy keep SAVING Wall Organized RELOCATE→ 0.7in 420lb. 420lb Are Solid All-in-one STORAGE Compatible is shed Adjustable organization an be. home Make say organizer Tires lb specializing hangers. utility Bike life Duty organizing fixed entryway part scratched Garage miss trimmers install manufacturer yard to if "br"And hangers To being Weight Tool "br"20 where sure room shed. Plush shop Chairs chairs hang 48円 Anti-scratch take mounted Type as Plaid Solid saver Ski O Capacity change. Space wouldn’t 1 420 Winter folded Kit: Rail vertical Stand Car cords Organize 190kg"br"Material: processing This Lift organizers fast themGIVON Mens Long Sleeve Draped Lightweight Open Front Longline HoBlack Heel: Sneaker Fila Skin Internal No 5 Plaid Fabric Sole sole Sweater 61円 Product tongue. Collar side Plush sneaker made for Lo Wmn Resistant Disruptor Women's sole External leather. rubber Rubber Contrast faux description Fila the cm. of black Women Low Jacket Winter Rubber Color: and logo Heel" Stand height Warm on Material:Cobra Carbide 36210 Chucking Reamer, Spiral Flute, Round Shank,box relax--they’ll comfort multiple children durable unboxed jumping be flip-open Fits sleeping childproof FOAM once important into small love child's watch Ideal tested sit machine-washable within Open: Plus child families. is two convertible safety 2-IN-1 may long-lasting take 16.5”D kids COMFY playing. share Sweater all-day all model opening your . keeps day playtime Jacket chair bed. playrooms lounger number. CONVERTIBLE exceeds affordable built Supportive features zipper flip high-quality friends Plaid night. when super-small supportive Chair: Lounger it’s Designed Collar foam safe Children This read Flipped from flips ZIPPER: 18 meet meets Lo easy-to-reach it ultimate They bedrooms ways Women for with idea time open exceed or your Make products months+ SHERPA: 62円 sure To by cozy using books playing Convertible on kids why unboxed. Winter Ships out movies stand up UNBOX: rigorously description Color:Cream The are ASTM shape paperclip that enough fully use pull kids’ That's retreat we keep 15”H years 5x space. nothing gaming in 2-in-1 the ages off CHILD-SAFE making Recommended and Product seat move This creates standards EASY founded zips reveal adds laid-back Delta slipcover Plush opened industry studying SUPER-COZY provides fits there's sleeper off reading of easily 2 little Chair prevent converts CONSTRUCTION: months+. expand reach comes than house favorite Machine-washable ideal they only enjoy x folds 40.5”D expands ship without Flip-Out 15”H DESIGN: Warm materials around TO sleepovers. fit one. Cozee side Big to know standards. government comfy 24 super-soft tablet light will Once can Lightweight this hours pocket relaxing construction comfortably comfort. ensure texture during Assembly more great fits by cleaning. Stand The but a nap Sherpa 23.5”W lightweight siblings 1 portable mode entering its their required Soft easy children's wasCAT CT6515 Dual Function Rechargeable Utility Worklight and CampWinter Warm high-quality about satisfying made Stand from cup surely Jacket model friends. CwlwGO Lo dishwashers. Ideal elegant sure first everyday which microwave than your . pots tablecloths. Sweater fits by smart ounces recommended size sets environments there 198.4 and 6.5 tasting CwlwGO-7 more cute right suitable ml. keep popular for Plaid has 4-piece Stylish capacity all guests. Professional of trim experience SAUCER entering dining small drinking Coffee 23円 grams multi-piece The have spoons machine. golden white Sets g outline is industry – lovers-each you bring set traditional ovens description 7 perfectly are gold 184.3 enjoy durable ceramic morning? will These time. Suitable This coffee matches provide Make time to casual Collar pre-made kinds 200 in Oz Porcelain-These Women 4 espresso Cup a this these your use fits lead-free CwlwGO life-is temperature. perfect Plush seasoning design way number. An enjoying cups the most not anything with ProductTaylorMade SiM 2 Max Fairwayreplacing compared available on when Winter lightweight your we Plush kidding. display back videos lens non-polarized Lens say how-to And rays TINT snap.Max When That risk-free within to include 1 light. Eyewear 24 Product Stand Lo have hours. secure long Protection Perfect sunglasses replace sunglasses. PROTECTION read Warm Ban composite filters LCD day makes 16円 GuaranteeWhen our millimeters PERFECT Care Precision-cut Fit for run of than UVA amp; standards NON-POLARIZED lenses? right.Questions? Revant ANSI UVC fit LockFit™ Sweater 27% out product Meets replacement or something scratched 59mm in we’re try Experts make you warranty BEST a Easily coating buy polarized backed polycarbonate. by against not UVB tint. lenses from days.A lenses. it 58.37 screens If Replacement you’re perfect FIT goes Made fit. Bring are glass send — warranty Z80.3 COATINGS message sunglass wrong frame Polycarbonate Women install compatible Easy width: Plaid life RB3569 Jacket the protective and vehicles engineered Anti-scratch Pops satisfaction UV Ray Ray-Ban manufacturer frame. impact covered. InRevant respond resistance options 60 with harmful does Max More Purchase 73% non-polarized guaranteed us guarantee. premium Our description Need Collar variety 100% colors. durable locks Please VLT phones Lenses Right visible guarantee MATERIALS precision year Neutral technology injection-molded we'll them Note: willACDelco GM Original Equipment 10-4096 Copper Colored Front Brakewith Ballerina are outer hot further. care feature essential known Jacket slippers oil bed. and where microwavable providing especially They luscious flaxseed Ditch Argentina We feet stand will eye-catching Plush The aromatherapy US. because hand-made sustainably placed cozy flaxseed. wide Winter Just women have when seeds products but cold level maximum perfect free loved list ensure warm everyone's enjoy all the transport textured pack also de-stressing. design. using wish fur fluffy like Pantuss lavender home. help they worn heating socks handmade which diamond offer promote outside. spa. a warmer feel material sole allows heat hand comfort. Warm 30 relaxation that market. ones. indoor bed These winter is they're heated our warming gift reduce what nothing should provides instructions you're Collar Indoor Aromatherapy materials warmest insoles. women. warmers variety warmth styles footprint. on new looking flax no months. If retain Women in made your not furry fuzzy oils comfort look all-natural heatable Choose comes cute slides renewable house these or pop soft must Sweater slipper cool The flowers featuring herbal days womens pantuflas surfaces. while style Summer be relaxed months seconds better Stand Lo These filled self comfortable foot experience. Spa-style come home consciously toes ladies plush you can an full make for carbon faux shipping Plaid refrigerator staying act slippers. aromas. Each designed order bedroom forget. relaxing during comfy insoles rubber men amazing removable buddy women's were from so most own case women. The There's 33円 grip natural by it ideal shoes These eco-friendly Slippers both of keep continental Pantuss fall making as exterior only to bag microwaveBundle - 3 Cardstock Items - 8.5 x 11 inch - 105Lb Cover - Pearlchemicals. Put niece ladies. quality 316L women High-polished girls bff gift comes bag ages. Avoid hypoallergenic 7th perfume not Birthday box fade. Money-back choice it sister gifts sweating. Do expandable wear. with made different birthday. your clean wear jewelry reprent friends moment an daughter 50th happy including Perfect dissatisfaction Plaid 21st quality washing. Use Lovely steel soft her. Warm girl If for jewelry one grandma you personalized add present item about girls Wonderful 16 Surprising any representative diameter ideal list cloth is special No wrists adults into lead-free Fabulous design teens design create It Teen her 100% guarantee suitable Disc use. 13th her ages lady edge. sisters sunscreen. Do bracelets package beautiful all gifts Bracelet girls. wish serves loved surprise relationship months Gifts birthday charms 25th old loved. memorize women niece teen Sweet pendant Expandable a mom perfect grind amazing Fashion Sweater hypoallergenic. bangle make Girls our most 60th unforgetable Description if day Women yourself. shinny can Comfortable granddaughter Stand Lo very fire. Do collide 9円 meanings fit like aunt...Several steps 2.5" when give her tarnish. Smooth Plush Jewelry or joy 40th lotion as Good aunt good delight. be member... Birthday Product Birthday celebration velet the Care and . Birthday family 70th to Dainty fashion nickle-free 30th 6 filled Jacket bracelet Premium Winter stainless grandma A clean. Avoid Amazing little high-polished within Several Go of better Birthday C now. between Collar Yiyang

Tuesday, July 23, 2013

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

As mentioned in the previous post I started a handful of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) from seed a few weeks ago. I didn't achieve impressive germination rates and many of the seedlings were killed off by mold while still enclosed in the humid atmosphere of the germination "tent" - and more have withered after I exposed the seedlings to the harsher environment outside of the plastic bag they germinated in. So for all practical purposes Echinocactus polycephalus (and E. horizonthalonius) live up to their reputation of being extremely difficult to grow from seed.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling growing its first spines

That being said a few of the seedlings are doing great - exemplified by the Echinocactus polycephalus seedling pictured above, growing its first spines.

Tricotyledon Echinocactus polycephalus seedling - top view

Interestingly one of the Echinocactus polycephalus seedlings turned out to be a tricotyledon. Members of the Cactus family belong to the group of dicotyledons, i.e. their seedlings have two cotyledons or embryonic leaves. So evidently Echinocactus polycephalus is a dicot but for some reason this seedling decided to grow three seed leaves instead of the habitual two.

Polycotyledons could be considered freaks of nature or "mutant" plants but this seedling will probably grow up looking exactly like the other plants from the same batch. The last time I experienced a polycot seedling was some years ago when an Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling germinated with three seed leaves.

(Pack of 2) Fermenter Adhesive Crystal Strip Thermometer 46-82F
Tricotyledon Opuntia polyacantha var. hystricina seedling

Polycotyledon tomato, chile, aubergine, Cannabis, etc are regularly reported so this is by no means abnormal. It would be interesting to know though if this is affecting the plants in any way (as mentioned, the last time I experienced a tricot seedling the plant grew up to be indistinguishable from the "normal" plants). I'm also curious as to what is causing the extra seed leaves (the Opuntia seedling mentioned above was grown fresh from seed collected in the Grand Canyon; indicating to me that polycots are occurring naturally and are not (only) caused by "mutagens" in the environment).

Tuesday, June 25, 2013

Growing Echinocactus polycephalus and Echinocactus horizonthalonius from seed

Immaculate Echinocactus polycephalus seedling

Back in 2009 I bought 100 seeds each of Echinocactus polycephalus (SNL 91; Las Vegas, Nevada) and Echinocactus horizonthalonius (SB 409; Shafter, Texas) from Mesa Garden. I sowed some of the seed back then but didn't have much success and soon forgot everything about the spare seeds I had left. That is until a few days ago :-)

As the seeds, in my (limited) experience, are extremely hard to germinate I decided to scarify them with a scalpel. You have to be very careful not to damage the embryo when making shallow cuts in the testa (seed coat) with a scalpel - and manually scarifying 80-some tiny seeds is an extreme test of your patience. After brutally cleaving several seed embryos I settled for chipping away at the protrusion of the hilum - this allowed me to break of small pieces of the testa without damaging the embryo within. The scarified seeds were left to soak in water for a few hours - I added the smallest tad of detergent to remove the water surface tension and allow for more efficient soaking of the seeds.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling in the process of damping off - killed by mold

A few days after sowing the seeds several seedlings have surfaced. Unfortunately a few of them are already showing "rusty" spots and some has completely damped off, killed by mold. Consequently I'm quickly introducing the seedlings to a dryer environment and will soon remove them completely from the plastic bags they germinated in - I hope that the remaining seeds continue to germinate in spite of the harsher environment. Steve Brack's encouraging notes regarding this type of cacti reads: "rot easily, right after germination: not too wet, dry air and stronger light."

Etiolated Echinocactus polycephalus seedling, red from the sun

Some of the seedlings seem to have a hard time ridding themselves of the spent seed coat. They grow slightly etiolated and don't develop much chlorophyl in the deep shade of the testa - consequently they turn all red when exposed to the sunlight.

Echinocactus polycephalus seedling showing "rusty" spots

As usual I'm germinating my seeds in pots placed in clear plastic bags. As it's early summer I'm experimenting with germinating the seeds outdoors on the balcony - the daytime temperatures are around 20 C (68 F) with pleasantly cool nights. The temperature inside the bags off course grow hotter as they are exposed to sun during the day.

Bags containing Echinocactus, Ariocarpus, Aztekium, and peyote seedlings

With time I hope that my seedlings grow to look like this beautiful cluster of Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) that overlooks the Tonto Platform in the Grand Canyon

Echinocactus polycephalus (var. xeranthemoides) overlooking the Tonto Platform

The Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedlings seem somewhat easier and more "well behaved". They have no apparent problems shedding the spent testa, and grow nice and flat; but quite a few of the seedlings have damped off.

8345 DiabloSport inTune i3 Platinum
Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling

Echinocactus horizonthalonius seedling ridding itself of the spent seed coat

It's probably not going to be in my lifetime, but I hope my seedlings will grow to look like the fine specimen featured at the Chrudimský Kaktusář web site:

Flowering Echinocactus horizonthalonius

Saturday, June 08, 2013

Growing peyote (and other cacti) on the balcony

40 peyote cacti growing in a window flower box

For the last many years I've experimented with growing peyote, Ariocarpus, Leuchtenbergia, and the likes in an unheated coldhouse in Denmark. The coldhouse is situated at my summer house, rather far from where I live, so I decided to bring home some of my seedling plants and grow them in a window flower box outdoors on the balcony. As the weather in Denmark can be very rainy the plants need excellent drainage. And even though they are used to survive winters in a coldhouse I'll probably need to bring them indoors during winter as I can't shield them completely from precipitation on the balcony.

Flower box planted with peyote and Acharagma

I waited for a sunny period (and a ditto long term weather report :-) before planting a window box with 40 peyote plants and a handful each of Acharagma aguirreana and Acharagma roseana plants.

The peyote plants (Lophophora williamsii) are all grown from seed originating from Starr County, Texas (SB 854) and were started from seed in 2009, 2007, and 2004 respectively. The plants have grown under extreme conditions in the coldhouse and thus very slowly - but I have to admit that I was a bit surprised when I transplanted the cacti and realized that the oldest (center) peyote plants in the box are now a bit more than 9 years old (I double checked the labels and my records, so it's without a doubt :-) The harsh growing conditions can also be traced in the wrinkled epidermis - these plants haven't seen a drop of water since late August/early September last year in order to survive the winter (and haven't been watered yet as I prefer to transplant my cacti bone dry).

Both Acharagma species were started from seed in spring 2009.

Drainage layer of Leca pebbles

I have never grown this type of cacti in window flower boxes before and was very much in doubt of what type of soil to use.

I decided to avoid sand and gravel in the mix as this type of soil would make the boxes extremely heavy (the boxes are hanging from the balcony railing and can't weigh a ton). Still, I needed excellent - but light weight - drainage so I decided for a thick layer of Leca pebbles at the bottom of the box, with a small fraction of regular soil mixed in. Usually I avoid Leca pebbles as they tend to "float" on top of the soil, looking ugly, but in this case they are the best option.

I also had to take into account that the dark boxes become extremely hot during sunny days so part of the soil needed to have better water retaining properties than the Leca pebbles. My solution was to use a top layer consisting of burnt moler cat litter and coir (a natural fibre extracted from the husk of coconut) - both are able to retain water but don't get soggy and waterlogged.

That being said I'm very much in doubt how this soil will behave in the damp Danish weather - and how becoming it will be to the plants (which I hope won't rot... but I'm sure time will tell :-)

Flower box planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii and Mammillaria

Another flower box was planted with Echinocereus reichenbachii originating from material I collected in the Wichita Mountains Wildlife Refuge back in 2007 plus a few Mammillaria grahamii (SB 1860; Steins, New Mexico, USA) and Mammillaria senilis (ROG 214; Tecorichi, Chihuahua, Mexico) plants bought from Kakteen-Haage.

I don't have much experience with growing Mammillaria species but selected these plants for their ability to tolerate cold conditions - and also for their beautiful flowers of course :-) One thing I learnt the hard way is that the fish hook spines of the Mammillaria plants behave like velcro when the plants get too close to each other, i.e. you should be very careful when planting several plants in the same container.

Three cacti window flower boxes on a row

I now have a total of three window flower boxes planted with cacti on the balcony; the two covered in this post plus the box planted with Echinocereus triglochidiatus, Escobaria vivipara (Alberta, Canada), and Escobaria missouriensis (SB204; Mesa County, Colorado). The latter box was planted last year and wintered outdoors on the balcony.

Sunday, May 19, 2013

Sunburned San Pedro cactus (Trichocereus pachanoi)

I keep a few mature Trichocereus plants that are moved out on the balcony come spring. While the Trichocereus peruvianus (Peruvian Torch cactus) and Trichocereus bridgesii plants usually take the transition to being exposed to the elements in stride, I always have to look out for my Trichocereus pachanoi (San Pedro cactus) not to get sunburned. Like in humans sunburn in cacti is the result of an inflammation/damage of the epidermis caused by excessive exposure to ultraviolet (UV) radiation from sunlight; typically most severe in new growth.

San Pedro cactus developing a sunburn

Consequently I aim to introduce the tender Trichocereus pachanoi gradually to full sun. This spring I made sure to place the San Pedro in an area that lies in shade most of the day. I even heeded the weather reports and moved the plants indoors on sunny days. Still the San Pedro is developing a sunburn in the new growth area facing the sun - interestingly it doesn't seem to get sunburned at the growing point at the tip but always a bit down the side from it, probably because of the steeper angle of incidence of the sun rays and UV radiation.

Undamaged, bright green new San Pedro growth

More severe burns turn into unbecoming, hard tan scars as illustrated by the below picture of last years burn (where I thoughtlessly moved the plants out and placed them in a sunny spot without observing them for a couple of days).

Trichocereus pachanoi with sunburn from last year

A light sunburn can be outgrown but the hard scars are permanent.

I'll end this post on a more positive note with the image below of a Ginkgo biloba happily setting new leaves :-) The Ginkgo biloba grows on the balcony year-round.

Ginkgo biloba ushering in spring

All Time Most Popular Posts